Product Name: L-Glutamine CAS NO:56-85-9
Pentanoic acid, 2,5-diamino-5-oxo-, (S)-;
Chemical & Physical Properties:
Appearance: white powder
Boiling Point:445.6℃ at 760 mmHg
Water Solubility: Soluble in water, dimethyl sulfoxide and ethanol. Insoluble in methanol, ether, benzene, acetone, ethyl acetate and chloroform.
Glutamine (abbreviated as Gln or Q; encoded by the codons CAA and CAG) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated −NH3+ form under biological conditions), an α-carboxylic acid group (which is in the deprotonated −COO− form under biological conditions), and a side chain amide which replaces the side chain hydroxyl of glutamic acid with an amine functional group, classifying it as a charge neutral, polar (at physiological pH) amino acid. It is non-essential and conditionally essential in humans, meaning the body can usually synthesize sufficient amounts of it, but in some instances of stress, the body's demand for glutamine increases and glutamine must be obtained from the diet.
In human blood, glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid, with a concentration of about 500–900 µM.
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